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COPD Drug Side Effects Can Be Deadly

COPD is nasty business. It is a chronic lung condition that is a leading cause of death in older people. What COPD drug side effects should you know about?
Adult male with an Oxygen hose to provide supplemental O2 due to a breathing disability such as emphysema or COPD.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a very serious lung condition. People with COPD often complain of a constant cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, mucus and fatigue. Health professionals often blame COPD on a long history of cigarette smoking. But COPD can occur in nonsmokers. Genetics, air pollution, occupational exposure to chemicals, fumes and dust, as well as long-standing asthma can also play a role (Respirology, Aug., 2012). Treatment often involves inhaled corticosteroids such as fluticasone (Flovent) or budesonide (Pulmicort), bronchodilators like albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA) salmeterol (Serevent) or ipratropium (Atrovent). There is a growing controversy about some COPD drug side effects.

COPD Drugs

Because people with COPD, have a hard time breathing doctors frequently treat them with long-acting drugs to open their airways for many hours. The two mainstays of treatment are called LABAs (long-acting beta2-agonists) and LAMAs (long-acting muscarinic antagonists). The latter are anticholinergic medications.

Examples of LABAs are: arformoterol (Brovana), formoterol (Foradil) and salmeterol (Serevent). LABAs are often included with corticosteroids in combination inhalers such as Advair (salmeterol plus fluticasone), Breo Ellipta (vilanterol plus fluticasone) or Symbicort (formoterol plus budesonide).

Examples of LAMAs are: Spiriva (tiotropium), Incruse Ellipta (umeclidinium) and Tudorza Pressair (aclidinium).

COPD Drug Side Effects & Cardiovascular Complications:

Researchers have asked whether LABAs and LAMAs might pose a risk to the cardiovascular system. In 2013 an epidemiological study conducted in Canada reported that older people who had just started taking long-acting bronchodilators were at greater risk of cardiovascular emergencies (JAMA Internal Medicine, July 8, 2013).

The authors concluded that older people with COPD needed to be carefully monitored if they were prescribed LABAs or LAMAs.

New COPD Drug Side Effects:

Fast forward several years. Now another large observational study has reinforced that old concern. Epidemiologists used the national medical records of Taiwan to determine whether people were more likely to suffer a stroke, heart failure, coronary artery disease or arrhythmia when they began taking such LABAs or LAMAs.

The results, published in JAMA Internal Medicine (Jan. 2, 2018) showed that people who start a long-acting bronchodilator are 1.5 times more likely to suffer a cardiovascular complication.

Although such case-control studies cannot prove causation, the authors caution their colleagues to be very vigilant when first prescribing such medications:

“We caution physicians to closely monitor new users of LABAs or LAMAs for cardiovascular symptoms.”

Once people get past a month or longer, the cardiovascular risks seem to diminish. That’s good news. What this means, though is that both patients and physicians need to be alert for side effects that might suggest heart problems (irregular heart rhythms, heart failure or chest pain) or stroke-like symptoms.

Other COPD Drug Side Effects:

LABAs:

  • Irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias), palpitations
  • Headache
  • Nervousness, anxiety, tremor
  • Throat irritation, pharyngitis
  • Rash, itching
  • High blood pressure

LAMAs:

  • Dry mouth
  • Symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection, sore throat, cough
  • Pain in the chest area, palpitations
  • Digestive distress, stomach pain, indigestion, constipation
  • Urinary tract infection, difficult urination
  • Headache, dizziness, depression, difficulty sleeping
  • Nose bleeds
  • Glaucoma

Reports from Readers:

Reading a long list of side effects is often counterproductive. That’s because our eyes and brain glaze over after three or four symptoms. To better understand how these drugs affect people, here are some anecdotes from visitors to this website:

Elizabeth in England had problems with Spiriva:

“I took Spiriva for less than two months. It helped my breathing, but by week 7 I was overheating at night. This wasn’t a hot flush or night sweat. It was incredibly severe. It also caused frequent urination and sleeplessness, aside from the dry mouth etc. I had to stop.”

Kerry in Australia reports:

“I have COPD from welding and smoking. I was ok till I took Spiriva for 12 months. Gave it up for 5 months. Then I had a lung infection. I got antibiotics and Spiriva again.

“All of a sudden Spiriva took my breath away. I ended in emergency on morphine for pain twice. I used Atrovent and Flutiform [formoterol plus fluticasone] effectively, virtually living on augmentin and doxycyclin. I ended up in hospital with pneumonia for 8 days. They game me iv antibiotics. I came out really good for 2 weeks then lost my breath again for the last month and can’t work it out.”

L.C.J. in Texas had some scary side effects:

“In four days of use for mild COPD, I experienced significant memory loss. Day two I developed spots about two inches in diameter across my abdomen. Day three the spots felt like wood splinters and were terribly painful. I took Spiriva day four and called my pulmonologist. He told me to stop taking it.

“I read the side effects, and discovered another side effect. High Blood Pressure and heart palpations, which was the reason my cardiologist sent me to the pulmonologist along with pulmonary leak and swollen heart (left side). No one seems to be able to get my problem under control. I’m afraid of stroke or heart attack.”

You can learn more about Spiriva side effects at this link:

Spiriva (Tiotropium) Side Effects & Memory Problems

Share your own experience with COPD medication below in the comment section.

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About the Author
Joe Graedon is a pharmacologist who has dedicated his career to making drug information understandable to consumers. His best-selling book, The People’s Pharmacy, was published in 1976 and led to a syndicated newspaper column, syndicated public radio show and web site. In 2006, Long Island University awarded him an honorary doctorate as “one of the country's leading drug experts for the consumer.” .
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I just stopped taking sparivia couldn’t afford it but glad I did caz I think it was giving me stomach problems and weight problems I noticed I’m not as bloated I wonder if any one else had this problem and my breathing seems to be better

Hi.
I just started last week on Incruse inhaler which is going along with my symbicort. I had a breathing test, which I have not had since 2006, which indicated COPD. I went on symbicort in 2006, and I have been on it ever since until now.

The problems started because I saw a pulmonologist for a 3mm nodule in my right lung. I found him quick. He got me in right away, and then told me I need a complete lung scan, which I did. I forgot to mention that this all really began about a month ago with a calcium scoring test for my heart that was $49, and that’s when they found a few incidental things. One was the 3mm nodule.

So getting back to what I wanted to say: this specialist, the 2nd time I saw him, put me on Incruse. I had a breathing test that put me at a moderate level of COPD so I’m taking this along with my symbicort which is the 80/450. But now I really have a hoarse voice. I had to clear my throat a little bit before but now it seems like I’m constantly clearing my throat because of the phlegm build-up. Is this normal when taking the Incruse??

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My herbal remedy will reverse your COPD within 5-6 weeks of usage 100%. The herbal remedy helps to relax the muscle around your  airways, so that shortness of breath will stop and you will be able to breath easily and terminate all your symptoms totally…You will experience total freedom from COPD the last week of usage.

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This year May I was told I had mild emphysema-COPD. I was shocked, I had only had minor breathing problems at times. However I had smoked for 17 years when I was very young and had quit over 38 years ago, when I developed asthma. I always heard your lungs were cleared 5 years after you quit smoking, but they don’t tell you the damage is already done!

Mild is not mild, I am on oxygen all the time.my son purchased herbal remedy for emphysema from solution health herbal clinic ,which i used for 6 weeks and am totally Emphysema free ,all thanks to solution health herbal clinic, solution health herbal clinic also cure all type of disease in humans life..please Stop smoking! It will kill you. Contact solution health herbal clinic details E-mail: (solutionsherbalclinic@gmail.com)

Jan. 2014 I came down sick and was sleeping 18-20 hours a day. My GP could not find problem and sent me to a pulmonologist who sent me to the hospital for an out patient test. The test came back that I had a bacteria infection in my lungs, but he never treated me for it.

By the time I received all copies of tests ordered and run, it was August 2014. I took all the paper work to another pulmonologist who said, “Well, right here is the problem, did this doctor treat you for this bacterial infection?” I said no, which he had not. I asked the new pulmonologist, can you treat me for this? He said no, it is too late, your lungs are already permanently damaged????

Asthmatic for many years, smoked,now have COPD. On Symbicort inhaler and Incruse inhaler. Seems to be a good combo.

Tried Spiriva. Not good at all. Made me breathless.

Am trying to wean myself from these drugs, as I suspect they cause their own set of problems.

Good luck to everyone out there.

HERBS

My twin sister was diagnosed with COPD few years ago. She was on a trial for some months. It turned out that the drug she was given was not a placebo, but the real thing, and it was working. Then they pulled the plug on it saying it was not viable! So they got her on another trial. That trial also was cancelled after a while. In 2017 I ordered COPD herbal remedy from an online source, and they shipped it to me. She only used the COPD herbal remedy for 5 weeks, and all her symptoms disappeared. She stopped wearing oxygen, and my family doctor confirmed her COPD-free now. Is almost 5 months, and no more COPD.

I would like to know what herbal COPD Charlotte from Texas, twin sister used please. They just put me on Symbicort today. After researching it since I got home, I have decided to stop taking it.

I smoked for approximately four years, from age 18 to age 22. I am now age 66 plus and was very recently diagnosed with emphysema. I had for some time now noticed having difficulty catching a deep breath. Never in my wildest dreams did it cross my mind that I may develop a serious lung disease. Last year december i purchased emphysema herbal remedy from Best Health Herbal Centre, my emphysema was totally reversed within five weeks of usage. Am so happy, now living a normal life. Please all smokers must note, I am only writing this to inform others that if you think you will escape the dangers of a serious lung disease please think about it again because it is not avoidable under any circumstances. It will catch up with you in time. Please victims like me should purchase emphysema herbal remedy asap from Best Health Herbal Centre..

Can you tell me which herbs was taken. I take many herbs and have one for lung. I don’t know if I should take that all time or when I feel bad. I am using Breo and oxygen and hate it. Thanks in advance for name of herb.

I am 94 years old with both COPD & Asthma. My medications include Flovent HFA 220 mcg. and an Albuterol Emergency Inhaler which I have never needed but have in on hand. I also use a nebulizer when I feel the need arises using Ipratropium Bromide & Albuterol Sulfate. I try to avoid taking any medications unless absolutely necessary as I believe they can do more harm than good at times. I use the inhaler only when I start wheezing or find myself short of breath.

Fortunately, I can go for days without taking any of the above but they are there when needed. I see no reason to take them on a daily basis unless absolutely necessary. My Dr. listens to my lungs monthly and is surprised how little I use the meds as his recommendation was that I use the inhalers daily and he was quite surprised when I told him how I use them. Not only that, they are very expensive so, I use them, not as the Dr. ordered, but as I feel the need.

How much did this herbal remedy cost? I can’t find this on their website. Thank you.

I have been thinking that some beta blockers and other drugs may be causing breathing problems. The more medication, the more problems. FDA blocked terpinhydrate which was a great expectorant for COPD sufferers who are being suffocated to death. My mother passed as a result of COPD. Inhalers made it worse. I was prescribed inhalers but will not use them. I was exposed to silicone drywall dust in my office at the state of Colorado Drivers Services. Workers wore masks but office employees were unprotected. Lying, thieving government.

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